Dark Matter and the Universe


‘Dark matter’ has been in the news:

Dark Matter, Dark Energy And The Shadow Universe
NPR: March 6, 2012…

Dark Matter and Dark Energy have nothing (as far as we know) to do with each other. The only thing they have in common is that evocative adjective “dark,” which, for astrophysicists, simply means we can see an effect but we can’t see the cause

Over the last few decades something remarkable has been observed. The matter and energy we can see is moving too fast to be driven by its own gravitational force. Based purely on the motions of galaxies, astronomers have been forced to infer the presence of matter that’s undetectable with light-gathering telescopes.

Likewise, based on the motions of the universe as a whole (and its structure), astronomers have been forced to infer the presence of energy that cannot be directly detected.

Dark Matter is a form of mass (some new kind of particle) that simply does not emit light.

Dark-Matter Behavior Puzzles Astronomers

‎Sci-Tech Today – 5 March 2012
Astronomers using data from NASA’s Hubble Telescope have spotted what appears to be a core of dark matter left behind from a wreck between massive clusters of galaxies. The result could challenge current theories about dark matter and how it behaves. When galaxy clusters crash they expect to see galaxies tagging along with the dark matter…

“This result is a puzzle,” astronomer James Jee of the University of California, Davis, said. “Dark matter is not behaving as predicted, and it’s not obviously clear what is going on. It is difficult to explain this Hubble observation with the current theories of galaxy formation and dark matter.”

FWIW, I have long realized that the gravitational explanation involving various parts of the universe was flawed.  The current information that seems to be related to “dark matter” helps provide additional proof that my assessment was correct.  The fact that everything in the universe does not always behave as many scientists have tended to believe is simply additional proof that human beings do not really know as much as they tend to think that they do.

Today’s commentary from the Living Church of God has the following information about the universe:

By Roger Meyer (guest columnist) | Tuesday, March 06, 2012

Only recently have astrophysicists been able to offer a substantial hypothesis as to what it is that holds the universe together and keeps it from flying apart. Yet you do not have to be a physicist to know the simple answer!

Astrophysicists look into the heavens and capture images and data with various scientific instruments. They know that the total mass of all matter isn’t enough to provide the gravity needed to keep everything in the universe from flying apart. They are left to ponder the question, “What is it that is holding the universe together?”

International teams of astronomers scan stars and galaxies that are unimaginable distances away. Using modern instruments and means of detection, they have detected a mysterious cosmic force and have hypothesized that it may be the answer to the question. They call it “dark matter.”

At the same time, the physics of the astrophysical realm is at odds with that of atomic physics. Albert Einstein spent the latter part of his life seeking a unified field theory that would describe nature’s forces and elementary particles in a unified way. Physicists know that the separate physics theories and the equations for both are incompatible. The equations do not work when the two are brought together. Thus the need for a unifying theory that harmonizes the incredibly small with the incredibly large.

The answer did not come in Einstein’s day, nor has it yet come in our day. But today there is a theory that seeks to unify the physics principles of both the cosmic and molecular levels. It is called superstring theory.

The superstring theory is an advancement toward a unified theory. The theory redefines some of science’s existing concepts of time and space. With this, science’s understanding of light, gravity, black holes, dark matter and the dimensions of the universe is increasing. At the same time, science is gaining greater understanding of the forces, properties and behaviors of subatomic particles such as protons, neutrons, electrons, quarks, neutrinos, positrons, muons, photons, bosons and gluons, along with an as yet undetected or unconfirmed particle called the “graviton.”

All of these particles have a force or power. Some are weak and some are strong, as they either attract or repel one another. Yet, somehow, they are so perfectly balanced that neither tiny molecules nor giant galaxies fly apart. Instead, they remain harmoniously spinning and intact. Why this is so is what is not yet understood. String theory may hold an answer.

String theory says that everything consists of combinations of vibrating strands or loops which appear as the various subatomic particles having differing mass and force, depending on the frequency of vibration. Of course, debate continues along with continued study of this theory. And already there is an extension of string theory, named M-theory, which seeks to unify the various string theories. And there are small but growing numbers of theoretical physicists who are becoming dissatisfied with string theory altogether, and are looking to other theories for the explanation that has long eluded them.

The Bible, by contrast, offers a very simple answer to the question of what holds everything together. In Colossians 1:15-17, we read that Jesus Christ created all things that are in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers. Quite simply, “in Him all things consist.”  The Darby translation phrases it that “all things subsist together by him.”

Indeed, even while scientists continue to explore the mathematical and physical principles behind the workings of the universe, Christians can see the “big picture.” The entire universe, from the largest galaxy down to the smallest subatomic particle, subsists—continues to exist and receive what is necessary for it to function as intended—through Jesus Christ. “For of Him and through Him and to Him are all things, to whom be glory forever” (Romans 11:36).

Did you know that this magnificent and mysterious universe is actually our inheritance in Christ? It is part of our ultimate destiny as children and heirs of God. To learn more, read our article, “The Universe and You!” and our booklet, Your Ultimate Destiny.

There is a lot that human beings do not know about the universe that God does. Completely how God uses gravity, “dark matter,” and other unknown forms of energy in the universe is simply one of them. The God that made the universe also made you.  And He knows more about you and what you need than you probably think He does.

To learn more about God, His word, and plans for you, please review the following articles:

Is God’s Existence Logical? Some say it is not logical to believe in God. Is that true?
Is Evolution Probable or Impossible or Is God’s Existence Logical? Part II This short article clearly answers what ‘pseudo-scientists’ refuse to acknowledge.
Where Did God Come From? Any ideas? And how has God been able to exist? Who is God?
How is God Omnipotent, Omnipresent, and Omniscient? Here is a biblical article by Wallace Smith which answers what many really wonder about it.
True vs. False Conversion Are you really converted or willing to be? What is true conversion? What is false conversion? What are the dangers of false conversion? Evangelist Roderick Meredith provides information on those important questions.
What is the Meaning of Life? Who does God say is happy? What is your ultimate destiny? Do you really know? Does God actually have a plan for YOU personally?
Are You Saved? Do You Love Jesus? What is a True Christian? What is the Gospel? Evangelist Richard Ames answers those important questions.
Deification: Did the Early Church Teach That Christians Would Become God? What does the Bible teach? Is deification only a weird or cultic idea?
True vs. False Conversion Are you really converted or willing to be? What is true conversion? What is false conversion? What are the dangers of false conversion? Evangelist Roderick Meredith provides information on those important questions.
The Bible: Fact or Fiction? This is a booklet written by Douglas Winnail that answers if the Bible is just a collection of myths and legends or the inspired word of God.
Read the Bible Christians should read and study the Bible. This article gives some rationale for regular bible reading.
What is the Appropriate Form of Biblical Interpretation? Should the Bible be literally understood? What do the writings of the Bible, Origen, Herbert W. Armstrong, and Augustine show?
Bible and Historical Resources on the Internet Electronic bibles, Two Babylons, early Christian literature, photos, and even links to old Herbert W. Armstrong materials.

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